Causes and Risk Factors of Leukemia. Leukemia is a life-threatening disease. When discovered, it requires immediate intervention to be able to maximize the chances of recovering through specific treatment and therapy. Leukemia is basically a sort of cancer of the bone marrow and blood, caused by improper cellular activity. The illness can be of different types, according to the kinds of blood cells that cause its development. Also, if leukemia is growing rapidly, it’s called acute leukemia, while if the disease is growing gradually, it’s referred to as chronic leukemia.
The direct leukemia causes are still unknown. Medical science is not able to set up the specific leukemia causes at the present. However, there is a powerful link between particular genetic factors and the evolution of the disease. Leukemia occurs on the background of genetic failure which causes the excessive creation of incomplete, partially matured blood cells. Also, leukemia has a hereditary character, allowing the transmission of genetic predispositions to disease from one generation to the other. Although many factors are known to contribute to the development of leukemia, they alone can’t be considered leukemia causes.
Causes and Risk Factors of Leukemia
Regardless of the fact that statistics indicate a higher incidence of this disease in people that are exposed to some environmental factors of risk, leukemia does not seem to be brought on by neither of them in particular. From the environmental factors which are thought to be leukemia causes, here are a few of the most plausible ones:
Smoking is considered to improve the chances of being affected by Leukemia. Although statistics show that around 20 percent of acute leukemia cases are related to smoking, leukemia also happens to people that don’t smoke and consequently it cannot be considered a leukemia cause on itself.
Prolonged exposure to radiation
The development of leukemia is also considered to be facilitated by radiation. Exposure to X-rays is believed to be the cause of leukemia.
Prolonged exposure to benzene
Statistics shows that this is a significant factor of risk in some forms of leukemia, like myelogenous leukemia.
Chemotherapy and cancer treatment
Plausible leukemia causes can be chemotherapy and previous cancer that facilitate the occurrence and development of leukemia. Most people can develop leukemia within a couple of years in the completion of chemotherapy and other therapies for specific forms of cancer.
Among the genetic factors which are considered to be leukemia causes, the subsequent ones are thought to be the most significant:
- Immune system genetic problems
A weak immune system is very likely to facilitate the incidence of leukemia and therefore can be considered a leukemia cause;
- Down syndrome
Children who were born with this down syndrome have a very high risk of developing acute leukemia.
The list of potential leukemia causes can continue further, but these are the most common factors that are thought of as interrelated with leukemia. While a number of them can be prevented, others live within the genes and in present cannot be corrected. In future, however, due to medical advance, we’ll probably have the ability to reduce leukemia and other forms of cancer.